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General Facts

Population: 11 million

Capital: Brussels

Official Languages: Dutch, French, German

Currency: Euro

Religions: Christianity

Motto: L’union fait la force (French) and Eendracht maakt macht (Dutch) = Unity makes strength

National Anthem: La Brabançonne

Interesting Facts

  • There are three separate language-speaking regions in Belgium: the Dutch-speaking Flanders in the north, the French-speaking Wallonia in the South and a small German-speaking area in eastern Wallonia.
  • Belgium has the world’s longest rail network, with a total of 4078 kilometres if you add all the tracks together.
  • There are three main types of Belgian waffles: Liège waffles, Brussels waffles and galettes.
  • At 26,000 square metres, the Palace of Justice (or the Law Courts of Brussels) is the largest court of justice in the world.
  • Belgium has been producing chocolate for nearly 400 years and now produces 220,000 tonnes of chocolate per year – that’s approximately 22kg of chocolate per inhabitant annually!

More obscurely, did you know…

  • There is a tiny carrot museum in the town of Berlotte. It has a “Carrot Club” and only men are allowed to join
  • The saxophone was invented in Belgium by Adolphe Sax.
  • Belgium has more castles per kilometre than any other country.
  • The word ‘spa’ comes from the Belgium town of Spa, where the ancient Romans went to enjoy the springs.