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General facts

Population: 38.5 million

Capital: Warsaw

Official Language: Polish

Currency: Polish złoty

Religions: Christian & Roman Catholic

Motto: Za wolność Naszą i Waszą (‘For our freedom and yours’)

National Anthem: Dąbrowski’s Mazurka

Interesting facts

  • The name “Poland” originates from the name of the Polanie tribe, which means “people living in open fields”.
  •  Poland is the 9th largest country in Europe.
  •  The country’s extensive natural resources include: coal, sulphur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber and arable land.
  •  90% of Poles have completed at least secondary education, the highest rate in the EU.
  •  Poland joined NATO in 1999 and became a member of the European Union in 2004.
  •  The six biggest cities are Warsaw, Krakow, Wroclaw, Gdansk, Poznan, and Lodz.

More obscurely, did you know...

  • Polish people have the largest households in the European Union!
  • Pizzas in Poland don’t come with tomato sauce. Your sauce or ketchup will be brought to you in a jug then you pour it on top.
  • There are over 100 universities in Poland!
  • In Poland, bananas are peeled from the bottom, not the stem end!

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