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General facts

Population: 16.8 million
Capital: Amsterdam
Official language: Dutch
Currency: Euro
Religion: Roman Catholic
Motto: Ik zal handhaven (‘I will uphold’)
National Anthem: Wilhelmus

Interesting facts

  • The Netherlands and Holland are NOT synonymous. Holland only comprises Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Haarlem, Leiden and the Hague.
  • The Netherlands means ‘low country’ as half of it is less than a metre above sea level.
  • There are 1180 windmills in the Netherlands.
  • Rotterdam is the second largest port in the world.
  • There are almost 1,000 museums in the Netherlands.


More obscurely, did you know...

  • It is known as the Land of bicycles. On average, the Dutch person cycles 2.5 km per day and 900 km per year.
  • Although the Dutch are known for their tulips, they were originally imported from Turkey.
  • It has more than 4,000 km of navigable canals, rivers and lakes which is more than Venice!