Population: 4.28 million
Official language: Croatian
Currency: Croatian Kuna
Religion: Roman Catholic
Accounting for approximately 18% of Croatia’s annual GDP, the tourism industry is a key contributor to the country’s economy. In 2018, Croatia welcomed around 18.4 million visitors to its popular tourist destinations which include Split, Dubrovnik and Zadar and the tourism industry employed over 130,000 people. With over 1200 islands to explore, Croatia is a leader in nautical tourism and welcomes many people visiting by boat or to hire a boat in order to explore the islands.
Croatia predominantly focusses on arable farming and there are approximately 1.3 million hectares of arable land in Croatia. One of the main products that is produced is olive oil and the oil produced in the Croatian region of Istria is said to be one of the best in the world. Although the agriculture industry only accounts for approximately 4% of Croatia’s GDP, it employs many people who live in the rural areas of Croatia, which is approximately half of the population.
Croatia has six major ports which are essential for transportation of both freight and passengers. The Adriatic Sea also has key transport routes for merchant ships and cruise ships, many of which travel to the port of Rijeka in the north of the country. Croatia also has a well-developed road infrastructure and Croatian Motorways is the biggest company in the sector with a total revenue of 1.69 billion kunas. The transport sector accounts for approximately 8% of the country’s total GDP.