Population: 34.9 million
Official Languages: English and French
Currency: Canadian dollar
Canada has a large aerospace industry, which is present in every province and some of the main production centres can be found in Toronto and Montréal. In 2017, there were approximately 700 aerospace companies and in 2018 the industry as a whole accounted for over 213,000 jobs and $25 billion in GDP.
Accounting for approximately 75% of jobs in Canada and 70% of the total GDP, this industry includes sectors such as retail, tourism, healthcare and communication. Retail is a key sector within the service industry and it currently employs just over 10% of Canadians. Tourism is also a large contributor to the economy with over 18 million visitors contributing $80 billion to the economy per year.
Canada is one of the global leaders in energy production and produces energy from its vast oil and gas reserves. More recently though, companies have turned their attention to the so-called ‘clean energy’ industry. This term encompasses production of hydro-electric power, the use of electric cars and the employment of workers to make buildings more energy efficient. In total, this industry was estimated to have employed 300,000 Canadians in 2017 and approximately 60 percent of Canada’s electricity is now generated using hydroelectricity.
With a coastline of 202,080 km, the longest in the world, and more lakes than the rest of the world combined, Canada has a big fishing industry. From the coast of Nova Scotia to the lakes in British Columbia, fishing is present across all provinces and this along with fishing related activities has created over 72, 000 jobs for Canadians and $2.2 billion in GDP in 2018. Lobster is the most valuable species to export and was worth $2 billion in 2016.
This is the largest airline in Canada and was recognised as one of Canada’s top employers in 2019.
Bell Helicopter Canada
This company specialises in airframe design, product development, flight testing and manufacturing parts for helicopters.
In terms of revenue, this is one of the top three solar energy companies in the world. It also works with Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo by donating solar panels to power security lights which help to protect the animals from poachers.
One of the largest retail companies in Canada, Alimentation Couche-Tard runs a large amount of convenience stores across Canada, Europe and the US and is based in Quebec.